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Microsoft Office , or simply Office , is a family of client software , server software , and services developed by Microsoft. Initially a marketing term for an office suite bundled set of productivity applications , the first version of Office contained Microsoft Word , Microsoft Excel , and Microsoft PowerPoint.
Over the years, Office applications have grown substantially closer with shared features such as a common spell checker, Object Linking and Embedding data integration and Visual Basic for Applications scripting language. Microsoft also positions Office as a development platform for line-of-business software under the Office Business Applications brand.
It contains a word processor Word , a spreadsheet program Excel and a presentation program PowerPoint , an email client Outlook , a database management system Access , and a desktop publishing app Publisher. Office is produced in several versions targeted towards different end-users and computing environments. The original, and most widely used version, is the desktop version, available for PCs running the Windows and macOS operating systems.
Microsoft also maintains mobile apps for Android and iOS. Office on the web is a version of the software that runs within a web browser. Since Office , Microsoft has promoted Office as the primary means of obtaining Microsoft Office: it allows the use of the software and other services on a subscription business model , and users receive feature updates to the software for the lifetime of the subscription, including new features and cloud computing integration that are not necessarily included in the “on-premises” releases of Office sold under conventional license terms.
In , revenue from Office overtook conventional license sales. Microsoft also rebranded most of their standard Office editions into Microsoft to emphasize their current inclusion of products and services.
Office on the web is a free lightweight web version of Microsoft Office and primarily includes three web applications: Word , Excel and PowerPoint. The offering also includes Outlook. They can also open the older Office file formats doc , xls, ppt , but will be converted to the newer Open XML formats if the user wishes to edit them online. Files with macros can be opened in the browser apps, but the macros cannot be accessed or executed.
Office on the web lacks a number of the advanced features present in the full desktop versions of Office, including lacking the programs Access and Publisher entirely. However, users are able to select the command “Open in Desktop App” that brings up the document in the desktop version of Office on their computer or device to utilize the advanced features there. The Personal edition of Office on the web is available to the general public free of charge with a Microsoft account through the Office.
Enterprise-managed versions are available through Office There are free extensions available to use Office on the web directly in Google Chrome and Microsoft Edge. Most versions of Microsoft Office including Office 97 and later use their own widget set and do not exactly match the native operating system. This is most apparent in Microsoft Office XP and , where the standard menus were replaced with a colored, flat-looking, shadowed menu style.
The user interface of a particular version of Microsoft Office often heavily influences a subsequent version of Microsoft Windows. Users of Microsoft Office may access external data via connection-specifications saved in Office Data Connection. Office, on all platforms, support editing both server files in real time and offline files manually saved in the recent years.
The support for editing server files in real time was originally introduced in its current form after the introduction of OneDrive formerly SkyDrive. But, older versions of Office also have the ability to edit server files notably Office Both Windows and Office used service packs to update software.
Office had non-cumulative service releases , which were discontinued after Office Service Release 1. Now, Windows and Office have shifted to predictable monthly, semi-annual and annual release schemes to update software. Past versions of Office often contained Easter eggs. For example, Excel 97 contained a reasonably functional flight-simulator. Microsoft has granted patent rights to the formats technology under the Open Specification Promise  and has made available free downloadable converters for previous versions of Microsoft Office including Office , Office XP, Office  and Office for Mac OS X.
Microsoft provides the ability to remove metadata from Office documents. This was in response to highly publicized incidents where sensitive data about a document was leaked via its metadata. A major feature of the Office suite is the ability for users and third-party companies to write add-ins plug-ins that extend the capabilities of an application by adding custom commands and specialized features.
One of the new features is the Office Store. The app travels with the document, and it is for the developer to decide what the recipient will see when they open it. The recipient will either have the option to download the app from the Office Store for free, start a free trial or be directed to payment. The apps that employees have personally downloaded will appear under My Apps.
Users can use apps to amplify the functionality of a document, email message, meeting request, or appointment. Apps can run in multiple environments and by multiple clients, including rich Office desktop clients, Office Web Apps, mobile browsers, and also on-premises and in the cloud. The password can contain up to characters and uses AES bit advanced encryption by default.
Due to lack of document encryption, though, these passwords can be removed using a third-party cracking software. All versions of Microsoft Office products from Office to Office are eligible for ten years of support following their release, during which Microsoft releases security updates for the product version and provides paid technical support.
The ten-year period is divided into two five-year phases: The mainstream phase and the extended phase. During the mainstream phase, Microsoft may provide limited complimentary technical support and release non-security updates or change the design of the product.
During the extended phase, said services stop. Beginning with Mac Office 4. Difficulties in porting Office may have been a factor in discontinuing Windows NT on non-Intel platforms. The Microsoft Office applications and suites are sold via retail channels, and volume licensing for larger organizations also including the “Home Use Program”. In , Microsoft introduced a software as a service platform known as Office , to provide cloud -hosted versions of Office’s server software, including Exchange e-mail and SharePoint, on a subscription basis competing in particular with Google Apps.
Microsoft has since promoted Office as the primary means of purchasing Microsoft Office. Although there are still “on-premises” releases roughly every three years, Microsoft marketing emphasizes that they do not receive new features or access to new cloud-based services as they are released unlike Office , as well as other benefits for consumer and business markets.
Microsoft Office is available in several editions, which regroup a given number of applications for a specific price. Primarily, Microsoft sells Office as Microsoft The editions are as follows:.
Post-secondary students may obtain the University edition of Microsoft Office subscription. It is limited to one user and two devices, plus the subscription price is valid for four years instead of just one.
Apart from this, the University edition is identical in features to the Home Premium version. This marks the first time Microsoft does not offer physical or permanent software at academic pricing, in contrast to the University versions of Office and Office In addition, students eligible for DreamSpark program may receive select standalone Microsoft Office apps free of charge. Microsoft Office has been criticized in the past for using proprietary file formats rather than open standards , which forces users who share data into adopting the same software platform.
Ecma International has published the Office Open XML specification free of copyrights and Microsoft has granted patent rights to the formats technology under the Open Specification Promise  and has made available free downloadable converters for previous versions of Microsoft Office including Office , Office XP, Office and Office for the Mac. Another point of criticism Microsoft Office has faced was the lack of support in its Mac versions for Unicode and Bi-directional text languages, notably Arabic and Hebrew.
This issue, which had existed since the first release in , was addressed in the version. In addition, the company does not provide users of its Office software an option to turn off diagnostic and telemetry data sent back to the company. Researchers found that most of the data that the Microsoft software collects and “sends home” is diagnostics. However, they discovered the software packages collected additional data that contained private user information, some of which was stored on servers located in the US.
Covertly, without informing people”, researchers of the Privacy Company stated in their blog post. The researchers commented that there is no need for Microsoft to store information such as IPs and email addresses, which are collected automatically by the software. As a result of this in-depth study and its conclusions, the Netherlands regulatory body concluded that Microsoft has violated GDPR “on many counts” including “lack of transparency and purpose limitation, and the lack of a legal ground for the processing.
The Dutch regulatory body is monitoring the situation and states that “If progress is deemed insufficient or if the improvements offered are unsatisfactory, SLM Microsoft Rijk will reconsider its position and may ask the Data Protection Authority to carry out a prior consultation and to impose enforcement measures.
We appreciate the opportunity to discuss our diagnostic data handling practices in Office ProPlus with the Dutch Ministry of Justice and look forward to a successful resolution of any concerns. Microsoft Office for Windows  started in October as a bundle of three applications designed for Microsoft Windows 3.
Microsoft Office for Windows 1. Version 1. Microsoft Office 3. Microsoft Office 4. Microsoft Office 95 was released on August 24, Software version numbers were altered again to create parity across the suite — every program was called version 7. Office for Windows 95 was designed as a fully bit version to match Windows 95 although some apps not bundled as part of the suite at that time – Publisher for Windows 95 and Project 95 had some bit components even though their main program executable was bit.
Office 95 was available in two versions, Office 95 Standard and Office 95 Professional. The standard version consisted of Word 7.
The professional edition contained all of the items in the standard version plus Access 7. The logo used in Office 95 returns in Office 97, and XP. Microsoft Office 98 Macintosh Edition also uses a similar logo. Microsoft Office 97 Office 8. Office 97 also featured Natural Language Systems and grammar checking.
Office 97 was the first version of Office to include the Office Assistant. In Brazil , it was also the first version to introduce the Registration Wizard, a precursor to Microsoft Product Activation.
With this release, the accompanying apps, Project 98 and Publisher 98 also transitioned to fully bit versions. Exchange Server , a mail server and calendaring server developed by Microsoft , is the server for Outlook after discontinuing Exchange Client.
Microsoft Office Office 9. It also introduced a new security feature, built around digital signatures , to diminish the threat of macro viruses. The Microsoft Script Editor , an optional tool that can edit script code, was also introduced in Office Office also introduces PhotoDraw , a raster and vector imaging program, as well as Web Components , Visio , and Vizact.
The Registration Wizard, a precursor to Microsoft Product Activation , remained in Brazil and was also extended to Australia and New Zealand, though not for volume-licensed editions.
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